Climate change impacts are gender-differentiated; consequently, climate change policies should be, as well. This is particularly critical in Latin America, where National Adaptation Plans (NAPs), Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) and plans to implement Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) are currently being developed. In an effort to provide policymakers with recommendations on how to incorporate gender equality in climate change policy, the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) in Latin America carried out a baseline study of public policies and policy instruments related to climate change, agriculture and food security in seven Latin American countries, and evaluated the extent of their gender inclusion. The results demonstrated that policies from the food security and agricultural sector make the most significant efforts to integrate gender. However, climate change policies do not integrate gender substantially: slightly over half of the climate change policies included in the study did not include gender to any extent. Of those that did, the majority made only cursory references to gender. Additionally, most National Communications submitted to the UNFCCC did not mention gender.
Participatory processes have the potential to promote the inclusion of gender in policymaking. In particular, alliances that include the state and civil society can introduce valuable gender expertise into the policymaking process. Other policy processes may have more potential to incorporate gender concerns. For example, Colombia's National Development Plan for 2014-2018 is making significant efforts to take into account the interests and priorities of rural women.
A recent workshop with academic, bilateral, environmental, state, and social organizations interested in gender and climate change issues in Colombia identified critical factors to be taken into account in developing gender-inclusive climate change policies through participatory and multi-stakeholder processes. Participants also highlighted the need to consider Colombia’s new context of integrated rural reform (reforma rural integral) and peace negotiations, emphasizing that gender-inclusive policy-making on climate change is an important ingredient for promoting enhanced development planning as well as empowered and autonomous communities.
Stakeholder engagement activities, such as the above-mentioned workshop, are important for developing relevant initiatives to promote gender-inclusive climate change policies. The CCAFS gender group in Latin America will continue its work on two fronts, research and multi-stakeholder dialogue, in order to promote enhanced decision-making on climate change adaptation and mitigation.
by Tatiana Gumucio, Post Doc Fellow- gender, International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), Colombia
Gumucio T, Tafur Rueda M. 2015. Influencing Gender-Inclusive Climate Change Policies in Latin America. Journal of Gender, Agriculture and Food Security 1(2): 41-60. <http://agrigender.net/uploads/JGAFS-122015-3.pdf>
Tafur M, Gumucio T, Twyman J, Martinez D, Muriel J. 2015. Avances en la inclusión de intereses y necesidades de mujeres rurales en políticas públicas agropecuarias y de cambio climático: el caso de Colombia. Copenhagen, Denmark: CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS). <https://cgspace.cgiar.org/rest/bitstreams/57387/retrieve>
CIAT.2016.¿Cómo el género puede impactar los proyectos de desarrollo rural en Colombia y cómo los proyectos de desarrollo rural impactan el género?. InfoNota Género. Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT), Cali, CO. 2 p. <https://cgspace.cgiar.org/bitstream/handle/10568/75781/CIAT_InfoNota_G%C3%A9nero_Junio_2016%20_final.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y>